How To Build An Indoor Basketball Court

Tours of celebrities’ homes often include crazy rooms that you don’t find in normal homes, and it’s not uncommon to see celebrities shooting hoops on their sprawling estates–but some have indoor courts (looking at you, Drake!) But how does someone actually go about building an indoor basketball court?

Whether you’re looking to deck out your home or have questions about installing a basketball court in a community center or school, we’ll discuss what you need to build an indoor basketball court.

4 Steps To Build an Indoor Basketball Court:

  1. Determine a budget
  2. Select the size of the court
  3. Choose the materials
  4. Hire a professional to ensure all of the elements are installed correctly

How Much Room Do I Need?

If you are looking to install an indoor basketball court, you’re likely pretty serious about your hoops. If you’re looking to build an after-school program or want a place for your community team to practice during the cold winters, you’ll likely want to match standard court sizes. 

Matching the size of standard courts will help ensure that the practices held on your court don’t go to waste.

For reference, a full-sized NBA or NCAA court is 94 feet long by 50 feet wide. And that’s just the space between the lines. You’ll need to include space around the outside for people to sit and have room for extra balls and equipment.

Don’t Forget the Height

This is a massive amount of space for most people to install in their homes, but if you have a space that big, you also need to make sure that your ceilings are high enough. You’ll need ceilings that are at least 24 feet high to make sure that you have enough room for all of the equipment you’ll need.

If you want to mount your hoops on poles, you will need additional space behind the baseline to install the hoop and pole. However, a lot of indoor courts, especially in homes, use a wall as the baseline and mount the hoop or hoops directly onto the wall.

You’ll need to decide how high you want your hoop. In most gyms, schools, and in the NBA, the hoops are 10 feet high. However, if you’re building the court for little kids, you might consider a shorter hoop height.

A More Compact Option

If you’re looking to build an indoor course in a smaller space, it’s possible to build a half-court. Only including one half of the court enables players to make the most of their indoor practice sessions.

Since the three-point line is the exact same size on a half court as it is on the full court, and the other dimensions remain the same, players can get good sessions in despite the truncated size.

However, you’ll still those high ceilings and an area to paint in a 47 feet by 50 feet half-court.

There is also an option to have a basketball court installed just for fun. Lots of kids have a basketball hoop in their driveway or on a curb, and they still get intense enjoyment out of having a place to shoot hoops. 

If the weather in your area means it makes more sense to have an indoor court than one in the driveway, consider putting a court in an extra room, a finished basement, a garage, or the home gym.

Pick Your Materials

The NBA uses a type of wood called acer saccharum, which is commonly known as hard maple. This wood is harder than other hardwoods and is well suited to sports. 

Maple is the most commonly used wood in baseball bats, as well. Maple is also lightly colored, which makes it easy for fans to see what’s happening on the court.

The individual planks are quite thin—only 3/4 of an inch thick. The tight-grained structure of the wood makes it durable enough for the game despite the thinness of the boards.

The Boston Celtics are the only NBA team with a court not made of this hard maple. Instead, they use red oak in a parquet pattern because maple and other woods were scarce after World War II when the court was first built. They used the scrap pieces of red oak arranged in their now-signature pattern.

However, there are also other options for your basketball court. The company Sport Court developed a surface called “Maple Select,” which is engineered from layers of materials that offers a more affordable option that also requires less maintenance. 

Upkeep on a maple floor can take quite a bit of time, especially for those looking to maximize the longevity of their court. Sport Court hopes to reduce maintenance time without sacrificing the court’s appearance or longevity.

Additionally, there are also companies that specialize in offering reclaimed flooring. When schools or gyms move or close, there are companies that go into the building, pull up the wood, and resell it. 

They offer it either as panels or process it down into individual planks. This is not only affordable but environmentally friendly.

You could also use laminate flooring or play directly on the concrete subfloor. If you go with concrete, you’ll need to have an epoxy coating put on to protect the floor and the players. 

However, these options may not be ideal for those looking to play professionally, since the physics of the material will cause differences in ball bounce and increase impact forces on the athlete’s body.

How Much Do Indoor Basketball Courts Cost to Build?

On average, you’re looking at $35,000 to install a full-sized basketball court. That’s a big number, and there are ways to cut down on costs, but you’re still looking at between $17,000 minimally.

If you’re just looking for a casual space for your kids to play, you could put in a 30-foot-by-30-foot court for as little as $3,500. A half-court will cost at least $9,000.

The cost comes from the cost of the flooring material, the installation, and putting up the hoop or hoops, and painting on the lines if you’re converting an existing room or structure. If you need to build an addition on your home or construct a separate facility, that will drive the cost up drastically. 

If you’re designing a house to be built from the ground up and want to include an indoor basketball court, your home builder can work with a professional sports court contractor to have the court decked out to your exact specifications.

Other Considerations

If you’re going to build an indoor court, you need to ensure that you have adequate heating and cooling capabilities. Whoever is playing on your court will be exerting themselves, and keeping the court at a comfortable temperature will make the playing experience much better.

A basketball court also has the potential to be a very loud environment. This can be distracting to players and, if the court is in your home, unpleasant for others in different rooms. Consider putting in acoustic dampeners for everyone’s sake.

While we don’t recommend a fully DIY option when building a basketball court, there are some things you can do yourself to save costs. One of the easiest things you can do is buy a line kit and paint the lines yourself.

If you’re building the court for your kids, get them involved in the painting! It will be a fun family project, and you can get them more attached to the court via the IKEA effect, which is “a cognitive bias in which consumers place a disproportionately high value on products they partially created.”

Conclusion

Building an indoor basketball court is an investment of time and money. The two largest considerations are the size of the court and the materials used. 

If you’re building an indoor court in a public gym or to help your child’s chances of getting a college basketball scholarship or reach the NBA, you’ll probably want to have a court, either full or half, that shares the dimensions of the courts they’ll actually be playing on. 

If you’re just looking for a place for your kids to burn off some energy and have fun with their friends, a 30-by-30 court or a court in an existing room in your home is a great option.

Chris Davis

I'm Chris, the guy behind BasketballJoy. I've played basketball for 20+ years and have been a full-time coach since 2017. On this website, I share everything I know about the most beautiful sport in the world - Basketball.

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